Case Report

Rapid-onset diarrhoea in HIV patient: The importance of suspecting cholera in non-endemic areas

Meisie A. Nkoane, Adegoke O. Adefolalu
Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases | Vol 39, No 1 | a619 | DOI: | © 2024 Meisie A. Nkoane, Adegoke O. Adefolalu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 21 January 2024 | Published: 31 May 2024

About the author(s)

Meisie A. Nkoane, Department of Family Medicine and Primary Health Care, Faculty of Medicine, Sefako Makgatho University, Pretoria, South Africa
Adegoke O. Adefolalu, Practice of Medicine Integrated Programme, School of Medicine, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa


Cholera, a severe diarrhoeal disease caused by Vibrio cholerae is typically associated with inadequate potable water supply and poor sanitation. We report cholera disease presentation identified as a suspected case of acute diarrhoea (HIV/AIDS common condition) in a person living with HIV seen in a cholera non-endemic area.

Contribution: We highlight the importance of recognizing cholera in cases of acute diarrhoea, especially among people with HIV, in resource-constraint areas that lack potable water supply.


cholera; HIV infection; Vibrio cholerae; diarrhoea and vomiting, non-endemic area


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