Case Report

A young adult with leptospirosis associated acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy

Herman Bagula, Ismail A. Banderker, Muhammed S. Moosa
Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases | Vol 38, No 1 | a569 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v38i1.569 | © 2023 Herman Bagula, Ismail Banderker, Shiraz Moosa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 August 2023 | Published: 21 December 2023

About the author(s)

Herman Bagula, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Ismail A. Banderker, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Muhammed S. Moosa, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that commonly affects the liver and kidney. It can rarely affect the neurological system with aseptic meningitis being the commonest neurological presentation. We present the case of a patient with leptospirosis complicated by acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.

Contribution: To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy as a complication of leptospirosis in South Africa.


Keywords

AIDP; leptospirosis; Guillain-Barré syndrome; polyneuropathy; post infectious

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