Original Research

Pathological vestibular symptoms presenting in a group of adults with HIV/AIDS in Johannesburg, South Africa

Katijah Khoza-Shangase, Kayla J. Van Rie
Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases | Vol 32, No 2 | a53 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v32i2.53 | © 2019 Katijah Khoza-Shangase, Kayla J. Van Rie | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 May 2019 | Published: 01 July 2017

About the author(s)

Katijah Khoza-Shangase, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Kayla J. Van Rie, Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

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Abstract

Aim: The current study aimed to explore the pathological vestibular symptoms presenting in a group of adults with HIV/AIDS in Johannesburg, South Africa.

Design: A quantitative non-experimental research design was adopted where data was collected by means of a questionnaire with close-ended questions on 96 participants who were recruited from a teaching hospital’s HIV/AIDS research unit.

Analysis: Data were analysed through descriptive statistics.

Results: Findings from the current study revealed that 17% of the sample studied presented with an occurrence of pathological vestibular symptoms. The most prominently reported pathological vestibular symptoms found were vertigo, dizziness, lightheadedness, unsteadiness and headaches. Of the participants experiencing vestibular symptoms, 69% reported experiencing co-occurring audiological symptoms. Collectively, these symptoms were found to have a significant effect on the participants’ quality of life and their ability to work. Interestingly, however, current findings revealed that only 31% of the participants experiencing pathological vestibular symptoms had reported these symptoms to medical professionals.


Keywords

adults; HIV/AIDS; Johannesburg; pathological vestibular symptoms; quality of life; South Africa

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