Case Report

Non-toxigenic Vibrio cholerae non-O1/non-O139 pseudo-bacteraemia in a neonate: A case report

Wentzel B. Dowling, Mené Van der Westhuyzen, Michele Haumann, Kessendri Reddy
Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases | Vol 36, No 1 | a263 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v36i1.263 | © 2021 Wentzel B. Dowling, Mené Van der Westhuyzen, Michele Haumann, Kessendri Reddy | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 November 2020 | Published: 22 July 2021

About the author(s)

Wentzel B. Dowling, Division of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa; and, National Health Laboratory Service, Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa
Mené Van der Westhuyzen, Division of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa; and, National Health Laboratory Service, Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa
Michele Haumann, Department of Paediatrics, Paarl Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa
Kessendri Reddy, Division of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa; and, National Health Laboratory Service, Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa


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Abstract

Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1/O139 is causative of cholera, which is a well characterised potentially epidemic gastrointestinal disease. Less is known about the pathogenesis and clinical presentation of non-toxigenic V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139, although they are increasingly implicated in human disease globally, have been isolated from various South African water sources and can contaminate the environment. The authors describe a case of pseudo-bacteraemia with non-toxigenic V. cholerae non-O1/non-O139 in a neonate.

Keywords

Vibrio cholerae; pseudo-bacteraemia; non-toxigenic Vibrio cholerae; non-01/non-O139 Vibrio cholerae

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