Brief Report

An incidental finding of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in a patient with pulmonary tuberculosis

Victoria R. Parker, Jaclyn A. Bennet, Ian M. Sanne
Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases | Vol 35, No 1 | a218 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v35i1.218 | © 2020 Victoria R. Parker, Jaclyn A. Bennet, Ian M. Sanne | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 May 2020 | Published: 10 December 2020

About the author(s)

Victoria R. Parker, The Clinical HIV Research Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wits Health Consortium, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Jaclyn A. Bennet, The Clinical HIV Research Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wits Health Consortium, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Ian M. Sanne, The Clinical HIV Research Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wits Health Consortium, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa


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Abstract

In this case report, we described a 48-year-old human immunodeficiency virus-negative man with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) who had an incidental finding of concurrent chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. We highlighted the importance of considering other differential diagnoses when patients present with TB or haematological malignancies. We also discussed the difficulties in diagnosis when both of these conditions co-exist and how this affected treatment and management.

Keywords

tuberculosis; leukaemia; chronic lymphocytic leukaemia; infectious diseases; haematology.

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