Original Research

Seroprevalence and associated risk factors for Hepatitis B virus infection among barbers and their clients in two cities in Cameroon

Joël Brice Ngoupa, Patrick Achiangia Njukeng, Eric Ngoh Akwa, Michel Kengne, Ubald Tamoufe, Daniel Ter Goon, Julius Nwobegahay
Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases | Vol 34, No 1 | a154 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajid.v34i1.154 | © 2019 Joël Brice Ngoupaa, Patrick Achiangia Njukeng, Eric Ngoh Akwa, Michel Kengne, Ubald Tamoufe, Daniel Ter Goon, Julius Nwobegahaya | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 31 May 2019 | Published: 07 January 2019

About the author(s)

Joël Brice Ngoupa, Department of Microbiology/Immunology, Catholic University of Central Africa, Cameroon
Patrick Achiangia Njukeng, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Buea, Cameroon
Eric Ngoh Akwa, Department of Military Health Military Hospital, Douala, Cameroon
Michel Kengne, Department of Microbiology/Immunology, Catholic University of Central Africa, Cameroon
Ubald Tamoufe, Metabiota Cameroon, Yaounde, Cameroon
Daniel Ter Goon, Department of Nursing Science, University of Fort Hare,, South Africa
Julius Nwobegahay, Department of Microbiology/Immunology, Catholic University of Central Africa; Department of Military Health, Military Health Research Center (CRESAR), Yaounde, Cameroon

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Abstract

Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious public health problem in Africa and worldwide. Barbers are regularly in contact with the blood fluid of their clients, who could develop skin cuts and abrasions during shaving practices. There is scarcity of information about HBV among barbers in Cameroon. This study presents seroprevalence and associated risk factors for HBV infection among barbers and their clients in two cities (Yaounde and Douala) in Cameroon.
Methods: Three millilitres of venous blood was collected into EDTA tubes from each of the 262 consenting participants. Plasma was obtained and transported to the Military Health Research Centre (CRESAR) for analysis. Sociodemographic data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The prevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was determined by a rapid diagnostic test (DiaSpot HBsAg) and confirmed with an ELISA sandwich test. Data were analysed using SPSS, version 21.
Results: Thirty-three participants tested positive, giving an overall prevalence of 12.6%. A seroprevalence of 15.0% and 10.6% was obtained for barbers and their clients respectively. In Yaounde, the frequency of HBsAg among barbers and their clients was 14.9% and 10.4% respectively, while in Douala it was 15.4% and 11.1% respectively. However, no statistically significant difference was observed in these groups. There was also no statistically significant association between the knowledge of the modes of HBV transmissions and HBV status.
Conclusion: The present study reveals that the rate of HBsAg among the study population is high in Cameroon and most people are not still properly sensitised regarding prevention measures.


Keywords

seroprevalence; Hepatitis B virus; barbers; risk factors

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